Mémoire

“Dans les univers domestiques, les « objets-souvenir » rapportés de voyages, au même titre que les trophées sportifs ou les photographies, représentent autant de traces matérielles des actions accomplies et des expériences passées. Examinant les rapports qu’un groupe déraciné entretient avec ses objets affectifs, cet article se donne pour objectif de montrer que la perte (temporaire ou définitive) de certains biens n’entrave toutefois pas nécessairement leur appropriation mnésique. Le fait de ne pas posséder en propre un objet ne constitue pas un obstacle rédhibitoire à l’efficace de sa portée symbolique. L’absence peut non seulement donner lieu à des pratiques mémorielles fécondes mais elle admet parfois également des effets sur le halo de souvenirs comme sur la valeur de l’artefact lui-même.”

“Writing in Sptren, Ernst Bloch reflects on the gradual obliteration of popular perceptions of early railway travel as a dangerously shocking circuit of anxiety: “Only the accident still reminds us of it sometimes, with the crash of collision, the roar of explosion, the cries of maimed people-a production that knows no civilized schedule.” The Post-Mortem Condition describes a situation where even the uncivilized productions of unscheduled catastrophe become perversely elaborated objects of spectatorship. Within such a scenario, powered not by the long-term production of corpses but by their sudden disappearance, only the equally unscheduled looking place of the forensic theatre can provide sufficient ground for the speculative reanimation of the deeply seeded dead.”

“Conscious perception is temporal: the continuity of consciousness derives from the correspondence which the brain establishes from moment to unrelated moment. Apparently static images are not static, but relations, connections the brain establishes over time, from moment to moment. Without this activity of connecting, we would merely perceive a sequence of unrelated stimuli from moment to unrelated moment and we would be unable to transform this experience into knowledge and understanding of the world – or we would more probably not perceive anything at all. That is why conscious human knowledge is so different from the ‘knowledge’ that can be stored in a machine or in a computer. The notion of thresholds is, I believe, about these subtle shifts of perspective that the brain must integrate into a coherent viewpoint.”

“At the heart of language learning, then, is the acquisition of the ability to create a complicated sequencing of motor acts, as has been demonstrated by the studies of dyslexic children already mentioned; and it is the acquisition of these motor capacities that determines the recognition and understanding of speech and the ability to read. Ultimately, memory, too, will be structured by these motor capacities. Even visual memory in humans with speech is not independent of our verbal descriptions of remembered images. Once we have acquired language we can have no idea what it is like to “remember” in a purely visual sense.”

Rechercher dans OpenEdition Search

Vous allez être redirigé vers OpenEdition Search