Taylor, Diana. Theatre Journal, vol. 56 no. 3, 2004, p. 353-372. Project MUSE, doi:10.1353/tj.2004.0129.
Résumé de l’auteur :
“Theatre, as a space (théā\tron in Greek, a place for viewing), an object of analysis (a play), and a lens (theatricality), has long been associated with recognition and ways of knowing. Plato and Aristotle may not have agreed on the value of what spectators learned, but they both granted the pedagogical force of dramatic representation. Performance has also been considered a scene of communal, even crosscultural, understanding. Victor Turner, writing in the 1970s, asserted that populations could understand each other through their performances. Clearly these terms, like their objects of analysis, are constantly being rethought and reconfigured. Few scholars now subscribe to utopian fantasies that we can somehow transparently understand others and other cultures, through their performance practices. Any theoretical lens, as we know from past experience, can occlude as much as it reveals. Much of my previous work has looked at issues of representation, misrepresentation, and disappearance in contemporary Latin American theatre and performance. In this essay—part introduction to sixteenth-century Amerindian performance and part polemic—I think about the ways in which these pre-Conquest practices trouble some basic givens about the terms “theatre” and “performance” and ask us, not necessarily to replace them, but to rethink them again, from yet one more perspective.”